The public does not have access to the registry; it is available to employers of people who work with children or naughty voksen schoolboys mentally disabled people, to authorities responsible for sex offenders liste over michigan licensing institutions that care for children or mentally disabled people, and to those responsible for approving foster.
United Kingdom edit In the United Kingdom, the Violent and Sex Offender Register (ViSOR) is a database of records of those required to register with the Police under the Sexual Offences Act 2003, those jailed for more than 12 months for violent offences, and unconvicted.
51 A few states have also created separate online registries for crimes other than sex offenses.While these disparities in level of public disclosure among different states might cause unexpected problems after registration, they have also caused some registrants to move into locations where public disclosure of lower level offenders is not permitted, in order to avoid public persecution and other.58 Effectiveness and consequences edit The vast majority of sexual offense victims are known to the offender - including friends, family, or other trusted adults such as teachers.Determining the tier level and whether or not a person would be subject to public disclosure, when relocating to another state, can be close to impossible without consulting an attorney or officials responsible for managing registration in the destination state, due to constantly changing laws.18 The public does not have access to the registry.48 In Connecticut, those with state convictions for certain misdemeanors have to register, including: Public Indecency, in violation.G.S.In the United States offenders are often classified in three categories: Level (Tier) I, Level II, and Level III offenders, information is usually accessible related to that level (information being more accessible to the public for higher level offenders)."Why Sex Offender Laws Do More Harm Than Good".Those on parole or probation may be subject to restrictions that do not apply to other parolees or probationers.
A study by professors from Columbia University and the University of Michigan found that having police-only sex offender registries (e.g., Britain, Canada, Australia) significantly reduces sex offender recidivism, but making information about sex offenders publicly available significantly increases recidivism rates.
Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment.
A majority of states apply systems based on conviction offenses only, where sex offender registration is mandatory if person pleads or is found guilty of violating any of the listed offenses.Other countries do not make sex offender information public, unless the risk assessment has been conducted and the offender has been determined to pose a high risk of re-offending.C.; Alvarez,.; Levenson,.In offense-based systems, registration is required when a person is convicted under one of the listed offenses requiring registration."Does youthful mistake merit sex-offender status?"."Portland: Sex offender magnet?".
Sometimes, these include (or have been proposed to include) restrictions on being in the presence of underage persons (under the age of majority living in proximity to a school or day care center, owning toys or items targeted towards children, or using the Internet.
Psychology, Public Policy, and Law.
New York: Springer Publishing Company.
57 In the United Kingdom, anyone convicted of any criminal offense cannot work in the legal, medical, teaching, or nursing professions.
Indiana, Illinois, Kansas, Oklahoma, and Montana all have publicly accessible registries for those convicted of murder.