Origin and implementation edit, banishment or forced exile from a polity or society has been used as a punishment since at least.
See also edit "An act to chelmsford essex lokale aviser authorise, for a limited time, the punishment by hard labour of offenders who, for certain crimes, are or shall become liable to be transported to any of his Majesty's colonies and plantations." See: English Poor Laws#A new colonial solution.
Retrieved April 23, 2014.In 1706 the reading test for claiming benefit of clergy was abolished (5 Anne.Gonzalo Rodríguez Cordero years Spain Perpetrators of the Mutxamel bombing.In those years, five of the nine women who were transported after being sentenced to death were guilty of simple larceny, an offence for which benefit of clergy was not available for women until 1692.Women in England mourning their lovers who are soon to be transported.By 1670, as new felonies were defined, the option of being sentenced to transportation was allowed.The story of Essie McGowan in Neil Gaiman 's American Gods is structured around her transportation and promoting the Cornish folklore in America.In 1720, an extension authorised payments by the Crown to merchants contracted to take the convicts to America.This is a list of longest prison sentences ever given to a single person, worldwide.Ainhoa Múgica Goñi 1,243 years Richard Speck 1972 1,200 years, minimum 400 years United States Mass murderer who systematically tortured, raped, and murdered eight student nurses from South Chicago Community Hospital on July 14, 1966.His numerous escapes and later murders made his life part of Puerto Rican folklore.
34 Eyad Ismoil years United States Sentenced for his role in the 1993 World Trade Center bombing.Sri Lanka: The Sunday Leader.27 Dwayne Whitaker years United States Convicted in San Francisco on two counts of first degree burglary, one count of first degree robbery, one count of attempted robbery, two counts of assault and elder abuse.26 Robert Hansen years United States Serial killer who abducted prostitutes and hunted them for sport in the forests of Alaska.87 other gang members were given shorter sentences in the same trial.Robert Lee Yates years United States Serial killer who pled guilty to 13 murders in order to avoid the death penalty.
67) "An Act to amend the Law as to the Custody of Offenders." Transportation (Ireland) Act 1849 (12 13 Vict.
The British policy toward Australia, specifically for its use as a penal colony, within their overall plans to populate and colonise the continent, would differentiate it from America, where the use of convicts was only a minor adjunct to its overall policy.
33 In a few cases before 1734, the court changed sentences of transportation to sentences of branding on the thumb or whipping, by convicting the accused for lesser crimes than those of which they were accused.